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IT QuizQ

 

IT Quiz – Computer Fundamentals
Compiled by Anoop

 

 
 
  1. The technology used by most CRT screens is called:…………………………………..
    1.   Refreshing
    2.   Raster-scan
    3.   Liquid crystal
    4.   Cathode ray
  2. Conversion of digital to analog signals is called:
    1.   demodulation
    2.   modulation
    3.   switching
    4.   transference
  3. Laptop, desktop and personal computers are types of …………………………….
    1.   mainframes
    2.   microcomputers
    3.   supercomputers
    4.   minicomputers
  4. Graphical User Interface (GUI) uses the _______ as its primary input device.
    1.   printer
    2.   monitor
    3.   mouse
    4.   keyboard
  5. Gigahertz is used to measure
    1.   Mouse speed
    2.   Keyboard input speed
    3.   CPU clock speed
    4.   RAM speed
  6. The process of loading the operating system into the computer and storing it in main memory is called
    1.   booting
    2.   initializing
    3.   formatting
    4.   processing
  7. Input hardware of the computer includes everything except
    1.   scanner
    2.   mouse
    3.   keyboard
    4.   printer
  8. Another term used to describe computer programs, or program instructions, is ______________________.
    1.   Kaardware
    2.   Information system
    3.   Software
    4.   Auxiliary storage
  9. Many computers use a combination of eight bits as a unit for storing data. These eight bits are called ____.
    1.   a word
    2.   a record
    3.   a byte
    4.   a field
  10. The capability of Windows to have a number of application windows open at one time is known as
    1.   multiple windows
    2.   active windows
    3.   multitasking
    4.   Multivitamin
  11. Which of the following could be termed a ‘peripheral’?
    1.   CPU
    2.   Printer
    3.   Internet
    4.   Monitor
  12. Which of these types of computer are suitable for use on a train journey?
    1.   PC
    2.   Laptop
    3.   Network server
    4.   Mainframe
  13. Which of these is the largest?
    1.   1 Terabyte
    2.   1 Gigabyte
    3.   1 Kilobyte
    4.   1 Megabyte
  14. Which of these factors has the greatest impact on a computer’s performance?
    1.   The size of the screen
    2.   The speed of the processor
    3.   The amount of ROM
    4.   The speed of the printer
  15. Which of these devices is sometimes used instead of a mouse?
    1.   CD-ROM
    2.   Speaker
    3.   Tracker ball
    4.   Digital camera
  16. Which of these statements relating to a GUI operating system is not true?
    1.   It provides an interface so that the user can communicate with the computer
    2.   It allocates processing time to programs currently in RAM
    3.   It is normally a very small program
    4.   It organises the storage and retrieval of data from disk
  17. Disinfecting a file means:
    1.   Downloading a file containing a virus
    2.   Spreading a virus to another computer
    3.   Removing a virus from an infected file
    4.   Cleaning the computer
  18. Which of these is a feature of shareware?
    1.   It is free
    2.   It is illegal to download it
    3.   It can be downloaded for evaluation
    4.   It is software you can download and sell to other people
  19. Which of these is not a feature of e-commerce?
    1.   Shop assistants can easily be consulted about goods
    2.   Goods and services can be purchased from home
    3.   Goods and services can be purchased 24 hours a day
    4.   The price of goods and services can easily be compared
  20. Which of these does the term ‘ergonomics’ not refer to?
    1.   Furniture
    2.   Salary
    3.   Lighting
    4.   Hardware
  21. Which of these statements is true?
    1.   A company’s intranet can be accessed by anyone in the world
    2.   A company’s intranet can be accessed by anyone within that organisation
    3.   A company’s intranet can be accessed by anyone within this country
    4.   A company’s intranet can only be accessed by less than 5 people
  22. A URL is:
    1.   A uniform result locator
    2.   A uniform resource locator
    3.   A universal resource locator
    4.   A universal re-locator
  23. The Internet is an example of a:
    1.   LAN
    2.   WAN
    3.   PAN
    4.   CAN
  24. Which of these statements is false?
    1.   Networks can never be used with more than 3 users
    2.   Networks can be affected by viruses
    3.   Networks allow users to share application programs
    4.   Networks allow workstations to share devices like printers
  25. Unprocessed text, numbers, images, audio, and video are considered ____.
    1.   data
    2.   commands
    3.   instructions
    4.   information
  26. Anyone who communicates with a computer is called a(n) ____.
    1.   programmer
    2.   cordless mouse
    3.   mechanical mouse
    4.   optical mouse
  27. A mouse with a rubber or metal ball on its downrside is called a(n) ____.
    1.   trackball
    2.   cordless mouse
    3.   mechanical mouse
    4.   optical mouse
  28. A standard for transmitting information in the form of short-range radio waves over distances of up to 100 feet, and is used for purposes such as wireless connecting a cell phone to a computer is referred to as:
    1.   High fidelity.
    2.   Broadband.
    3.   Bluetooth.
    4.   Twisted pair.
  29. Computers used by organizations to perform large and complex computing tasks are known as:
    1.   Mainframe computers.
    2.   Desktop computers.
    3.   Tablet PCs.
    4.   Thin Clients.
  30. A ________ is designed to meet the computing needs for several people simultaneously in asmall to medium-size business environment.
    1.   mainframe computer
    2.   desktop computer
    3.   minicomputer
    4.   supercomputer
  31. Which of the following device can store large amounts of data?
    1.   Zip Disk
    2.   Floppy Disk
    3.   CD-ROM
    4.   Hard Disk
  32. Computer software includes ____
    1.   Application programs
    2.   Packages
    3.   Operating system
    4.   All of the abovre.
  33. The only language understood by the computer is
    1.   French
    2.   English
    3.   Java
    4.   Machine Code
  34. Which of the following is not a programming language?
    1.   Java
    2.   MS-Word
    3.   Visual Basic
    4.   C++
  35. Printers fall into two categories
    1.   dot matrix / ink-jet
    2.   impact / non-impact
    3.   laser / ink-jet
    4.   laser / dot matrix
  36. These high performance computers are designed as the most powerful and expensive type of computers:
    1.   Super
    2.   Mini
    3.   Mainframe
    4.   Workstation
  37. One Megabyte is equal to ……………….. Kilobytes.
    1.   1000
    2.   1024
    3.   256
    4.   8
  38. Devices that are used for long-term saving of information are called:
    1.   Storage devices.
    2.   Input devices.
    3.   Random access memory.
    4.   Expansion slots.
  39. When you turn off a computer, information in this type of memory is erased:
    1.   ROM.
    2.   SMS
    3.   RAM.
    4.   MMS.
  40. Software that you would use to help you solve a problem is
    1.   Application software.
    2.   Operating system software.
    3.   Utility software.
    4.   System software.
  41. The physical parts of a computer system are referred to as:
    1.   Hardware
    2.   GUI
    3.   Programs.
    4.   Software
  42. Programs that instruct the computer what to do are called:
    1.   Software.
    2.   Protocols
    3.   GUI
    4.   Commands
  43. Which software forms a bridge between the user and the hardware?
    1.   Operating system
    2.   Visual Basic
    3.   Windows Vista
    4.   Program
  44. GUI stands
    1.   Graphical Usage of Interchange
    2.   Graph User Interchange
    3.   Graphical Usage of Interface
    4.   Graphical User Interface
  45. Magnetic disks, Floppy disks, Magnetic tapes are known as
    1.   Control unit
    2.   Secondary storage device
    3.   Memory
    4.   Output unit
  46. Who is known as the father of the computer?
    1.   Blaise pascal
    2.   Charles Babbage
    3.   Abacas
    4.   Newton
  47. Which of these factors has the greatest impact on a computer’s performance?
    1.   The amount of ROM
    2.   The speed of the printer
    3.   the speed of the processor
    4.   The size of the screen
  48. Which of these is the smallest?
    1.   1 Megabyte
    2.   1 Terabyte
    3.   1 Gigabyte
    4.   . 1 Kilobyte
  49. Most desktop computer keyboards have ____ keys.
    1.   50 to 100
    2.   60 to 85
    3.   100 to 105
    4.   110 to 200
  50. ____ look like floppy disks, but they have much greater storage capabilities.
    1.   DVDs
    2.   CDs
    3.   Zip ® disks
    4.   Memory cards
  51. Users can perform maintenance-type tasks usually related to managing a computer using a(n) ____.
    1.   utility program
    2.   operating system
    3.   application program
    4.   Graphics program
  52. CDs and DVDs are ____.
    1.   magnetic media
    2.   solid-state devices
    3.   optical media
    4.   flash memory cards
  53. The COM port is a type of ____ port.
    1.   USB
    2.   serial
    3.   parallel
    4.   SCSI
  54. RAM is also called ____.
    1.   Flash memory
    2.   ROM
    3.   Main memory
    4.   Cache
  55. Devices such as a keyboard and mouse usually attach to ____ on the system unit by a connector on a cable.
    1.   Processors
    2.   Adapter cards
    3.   Ports
    4.   Drive bays
  56. Processors contain a control unit and a(n) ____.
    1.   Adapter card
    2.   Arithmetic and logical unit
    3.   Expansion slot
    4.   Port
  57. The small symbol that displays on the screen and moves as you move the mouse is the ____.
    1.   pointer
    2.   buttons
    3.   command
    4.   dialog box
  58. A ____ is an example for a storage media.
    1.   Pen Drive
    2.   Monitor
    3.   PC video camera
    4.   Modem
  59. The computer’s ____ displays text, graphics, and videos on a screen.
    1.   System unit
    2.   Speakers
    3.   Monitor
    4.   PC video camera
  60. Personal computers that you can carry from place to place are called ____.
    1.   Mainframe computers
    2.   Super computers
    3.   Mobile computers
    4.   Desk top computers
  61. A technology that gives you the ability to send messages containing text, sounds, images, and video from your cell phone to the cell phone of another person is known as a(n):
    1.   Short Messaging Service.
    2.   Instant messaging.
    3.   Chat room.
    4.   Multimedia Messaging Service.
  62. A modem is needed for
    1.   a computer to connect to a LAN.
    2.   all data communications.
    3.   digital communication over an analogue telephone network.
    4.   a computer to connect to a digital network.
  63. A network which has a host computer that is responsible for managing the LAN is called
    1.   a bus network.
    2.   a ring network
    3.   a star network.
    4.   a peer-to-peer network.
  64. Which of the following is not an operating system?
    1.   MVS
    2.   PS2
    3.   Ultrix
    4.   Linux
  65. The parts of a computer are connected by collections of wires called
    1.   tracks.
    2.   networks.
    3.   paths.
    4.   buses.
  66. The windows OS is popular, because of its
    1.   graphical user interface.
    2.   command line interface.
    3.   keyboard shortcuts.
    4.   icons.
  67. Which of the following is a valid example for an e-mail address.
    1.   saman/[email protected]
    2.   [email protected]
    3.   saman.gamage.hotmail.com
    4.   [email protected]@hotmail.com
  68. Incorrect information is generated by ____ in the information system.
    1.   unskilled people
    2.   unreliable hardware
    3.   incorrect data
    4.   untested software
  69. A mainframe computer fits ____.
    1.   on a desk
    2.   on your lap or in your hand
    3.   in a small cabinet
    4.   in a partial room
  70. Documents on the Web are called ____.
    1.   Web pages
    2.   Web sites
    3.   Web communities
    4.   Web tags
  71. The computing phrase ____ means that the accuracy of a computers output depends on the accuracy of the input.
    1.   what you see is what you get
    2.   information age
    3.   garbage in, garbage out
    4.   digital divide
  72. The ____ is a global library of information available to anyone connected to the Internet.
    1.   neural network
    2.   World Wide Web
    3.   digital divide
    4.   Anytime Anywhere Learning program
  73. A vehicle’s ____ can provide directions, dispatch roadside assistance, and track the vehicle if it is stolen.
    1.   Computer-aided routing (CAR)
    2.   Global Positioning System (GPS)
    3.   Vehicle identification number (VIN)
    4.   onboard navigation facility
  74. A notebook computer that allows you to write on the screen using a digital pen is called a ____.
    1.   PDA
    2.   Tablet PC
    3.   minicomputer
    4.   smart phone
  75. The Internet began with a network called ____, a project started by US Defence Ministry, the Pentagon
    1.   MobileNet
    2.   ARPANET
    3.   Word Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
    4.   Internet
  76. The Internet standard that permits file uploading and downloading with other computers on the Internet is called ____.
    1.   FTP
    2.   POP3
    3.   SMTP
    4.   TCPIP
  77. You request, or ____, information from a Web server when you enter a Web address.
    1.   download
    2.   push
    3.   pull
    4.   copy
  78. ____ loses its contents when the computer’s power is turned off.
    1.   Volatile memory
    2.   ROM
    3.   Flash memory
    4.   Nonvolatile memory
  79. ____ is a free business software suite.
    1.   OpenOffice.org
    2.   Microsoft .NET
    3.   TurboTax
    4.   Microsoft Works
  80. A segment of a video is called a ____.
    1.   still
    2.   filter
    3.   thumbnail
    4.   clip
  81. The process of preparing a disk for reading and writing is known as ____.
    1.   fetching
    2.   burning
    3.   decoding
    4.   formatting
  82. With ____, users can pay bills from their computer.
    1.   e-retail
    2.   online trading
    3.   CIM software
    4.   online banking
  83. An internet connection that uses analog telephone lines for communications is called a(n) ____ line.
    1.   ISDN
    2.   dial-up
    3.   DSL
    4.   T-carrie
  84. The utility that removes a program, as well as any associated entries in the system files, is called a(n) ____.
    1.   file manager
    2.   disk defragmenter
    3.   backup utility
    4.   uninstaller
  85. Health-care professionals in separate locations can have live conferences on the computer using ____.
    1.   a neural network
    2.   distance learning
    3.   computer-aided healthcare (CAH)
    4.   telemedicine
  86. Computers on a network can share resources, such as ____.
    1.   data
    2.   software
    3.   hardware
    4.   all of the above
  87. ____ provides high-speed Internet connections using regular copper telephone lines.
    1.   Dial-up access
    2.   Cable television Internet services
    3.   FTP
    4.   ADSL
  88. Users can access and view Web pages with a ____
    1.   spider
    2.   portal
    3.   Web browser
    4.   search engine
  89. The number system that has just two unique digits, 0 and 1, is called the ____
    1.   binary system
    2.   analog system
    3.   digital system
    4.   Octal System
  90. With ____, you have to train the computer to recognize your voice.
    1.   speaker-independent software
    2.   speaker-dependent software
    3.   Speech Recognition softeware
    4.   continuous speech
  91. Many ATM machines have ____
    1.   digital pens
    2.   touch screens
    3.   pointing sticks
    4.   trackballs
  92. ____ uses short-range radio waves to transmit data between two devices at a rate of 1 Mbps.
    1.   TCP/IP
    2.   Bluetooth
    3.   Ethernet
    4.   802.11
  93. A CRT monitor is most like a(n) ____.
    1.   standard television
    2.   LCD monitor
    3.   high-definition television
    4.   active-matrix monitor
  94. The speed that a monitor redraws the images on the screen is called ____.
    1.   access time
    2.   redraw rate
    3.   refresh rate
    4.   bit depth
  95. The person who oversees network operations is the ____.
    1.   desktop support specialist
    2.   programmar
    3.   IT director
    4.   network administrator
  96. ____ is a type of application software used for communications.
    1.   FTP software
    2.   Image editing software
    3.   Database software
    4.   Word processing software
  97. A ____ is a communications device that converts analog and digital signals.
    1.   microwave station
    2.   smart phone
    3.   set-top box
    4.   modem
  98. Which of the following is an invalid web address
    1.   www.itvalam.blogspot.com
    2.   [email protected]
    3.   www.pahamunehouse.org
    4.   www.madeena.sch.lk
  99. The services provided by the Internet does not include
    1.   FTP
    2.   Electronic Mail
    3.   Desktop
    4.   WWW
  100. . A major reason for the explosive growth of the Internet was the
    1.   demand by users
    2.   development of the World Wide Web
    3.   increased use by science & industry
    4.   development of Microsoft Windows
 

 

 

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